Designing a room is a fun creative process, but it also requires a lot of time. Without the experience of designing or artistic talent, this work can make your guts shrink. To simplify the entire process, you must first determine the personal style and atmosphere of the room you want. Next, gather ideas for the room you want to design and make a blueprint for the final design. Finally, buy the ingredients you need and start realizing the design you want!
Determining Personal Style
Determine your personal preferences. Everyone has a personal opinion about the ideal interior. So, focus on the room you want. Some people like the interior that is not too crowded, only a few modern furniture with clean white walls; others prefer rooms that are decorated with lots of luxurious furniture, thick curtains and dark colors. The most important thing is to understand what you like most and make you feel at home. Then, find a way to realize the design in the room you choose. There are many online tests that can help determine your aesthetic preferences. First, think about which of the following themes can describe your personal style correctly:
- Comfortable and rural: You have rural design preferences if you prefer rural scenery and are attracted by natural surfaces such as warm wood, beautiful skin, and stones.
- Modern and urban: You have a modern aesthetic taste if you like big cities, travel, and are interested in clear and clear geometric shapes, and surfaces such as chrome and glass.
- Relax: You might like the casual design approach if you like modern colors and textures, but with clear lines and not too full decorations. Its casual design features natural surfaces, bright colors and comfort.
Create an idea board. If you are not sure which design style fits or does not know where to start, try starting by observing interesting things. You can use a large cork board, billboard, or visual board (like on Pinterest) to manage ideas and find out what brings together the things you like.  It is better if you stick the object with tacks, not glue, so you can get rid of what you don’t need easily.
- Start collecting fabric samples, motifs, paint colors, photos of the room, “atmospheric” images that inspire you (such as photos of landscapes, pets, city views, children, etc.), and pictures of furniture, household appliances or equipment other stationary that you like.
- At this stage, don’t worry about costs. Usually, you can find something with the same style or color at a more affordable price.
Take advantage of examples. Many places offer examples of professionally worked designs and amateur ideas for each room. Cut, print, or make a photo of ideas that interest you and stick on the idea board. Consider searching in the following places:
- Internet. You can visit professional designer websites, amateur home improvement blogs, or Instagram related television shows (such as the TransTV Project). You can also visit websites that share photos like Pinterest or use the keywords “modern family room design” or “classic Javanese family room design”.
- Magazines and books. Visit a local bookstore or library to find magazines and books that carry the theme of design, decoration, or even lifestyle in general. For example, if you design a kitchen, a culinary magazine might display beautiful photographs of kitchen interiors, cooking utensils, and original kitchen utensils. If you want to rearrange the living room, lifestyle magazines (such as women’s magazines, hunting magazines, or childcare magazines) show photos that can inspire you.
- Exhibition or furniture shop. Search the internet to find furniture stores, design studios and home accessory shops near you. Visit these places while carrying a camera and taking a sample photo of a particular design or object you like. You can also visit major retail stores to get ideas, including paint colors and styles, floors, stationary equipment, and other household appliances.
Think about a friend’s house that inspires you. When visiting a friend or relative’s home, how do you feel? Does their house feel crowded with furniture, tacky, or too bold for your taste? Are there homes that are too “empty” or minimalist? Knowing how you feel when you are in a real living room can help determine the style you want for your own home.
- Is there a home that makes you feel comfortable, relaxed, and calm? What design elements do you like the most and which do you think are less ideal?
- If a friend has a design taste that is similar to your taste, ask for help when you design a room at home. Even though the friend can only tell the store where he bought furniture or other items, you can use that information when starting work.
Consider color psychology. When planning a room, consider the influence of color, texture, and layout on the feelings of the people who are there. Certain colors have a strong psychological effect on mood. Example,
- Red color is associated with passion, anger, and warmth. This color also creates extraordinary effects and can cause headaches. You can use it as an attractive accent for one wall, or for a sofa or other furniture, but some experts recommend not painting the entire room in red. In addition, research shows that red can affect cognitive performance. So, be careful when using red for a room such as an office or study room.
- Green is associated with calm, rest and balance, making it a good choice for living rooms and bedrooms. However, too much green can remove energy from the room. It’s better if you combine it with a little red or orange to neutralize the calming effect.
- Blue is known as intellectual and calming color, but it can also create a cool and unfriendly impression, unless you choose blue with a warm base, not cold, for example bluish green or turquoise, not pure blue.
- Yellow and yellow-green are considered the most unpleasant colors, but green-yellow (green is more dominant than yellow) is considered the dominant and evocative color.
Planning Spatial Planning
Select the room to be designed. Bedrooms, bathrooms, kitchens, or living rooms, have their own functions and “target audience” (people who use the room most often). The choice of design as far as possible should reflect the target audience so that the room can function optimally.
- Every room in the house must complete the personality of the person who will use it the most. For example, if the room will be used to entertain guests or clients, you must take a different approach than if the room will be used for the nursery or playroom. Likewise, if only you will use the room, then you have more freedom to design it according to your taste and not worry about other people’s responses.
Measure the room. Ask someone to help take measurements so the results are accurate and don’t forget to take notes. Measure the length and height of each wall, as well as stationary elements in the room (for example, attached cabinets, cabinets, bathtubs, etc.).
- Don’t forget to measure windows and doors, including width and height.
Determine the budget. Before planning a design, you must understand what needs to be done. If the budget is unlimited, you can skip this step! If not, consider every aspect of the design of the room you want to change and how much it costs. This step will help you focus the design on the elements that you can update. For example, you might not be able to buy a new carpet, but you can buy a small carpet to change the look of the room.
The budget must contain a list that lists the main categories and details of the amount of money spent in each category. The budget will be adjusted to the room to be designed so that the amount differs depending on whether it is the kitchen, living room, bathroom, bedroom, and so on. Some aspects that need to be considered in the budget include:
- Wall: Does it need to be painted? Do you need to be repaired, replaced, or given additional elements such as wood trim, crown molding, or panels? Do you need to install wallpaper?
- Windows: Do you need to install a new window, or is the old window still worth keeping? Old windows may wear out and are not windproof, or difficult to clean. Can you give a new look? Do you need new curtains? What about curtains, curtains, mosquito nets, or other window treatments?
- Floors: Do you have to replace the carpet? Do you need to install wood or ceramic floors? Do you simply clean the floor now with steam or maybe add a carpet or small rug to update the appearance of the room?
- Stationary elements: Does the area have a lighting system or chandelier that must be replaced or updated? What about sockets and switches? Do you need to repair or replace the sink, faucet or bathtub? What about counters, cabinets or household appliances?
- Furniture (sofas, chairs, tables, bookshelves, beds, etc.).
- Decorative elements: These include all objects ranging from paintings on the wall to sofa couches. In many cases, you only need to renovate the look of the room by changing the decoration. Do you want to add photos or paintings on the wall or shelf? What about statues, wall rugs, or something soft like a chair cushion or blanket?
Think of furniture for the room. Think first from a practical point of view: What type of furniture is needed for the room? Objects such as beds, drawer cabinets, or sofas may be suitable for this picture. Then, think of what furniture will make the room more welcoming or pleasant, such as coffee tables, bean bag chairs, or decorative tables.
- When making a list of furniture, record all items that already exist and which must be purchased.
Use the online application to find inspiration about furniture arrangement and color ideas. Using themes and design suggestions from professional decorators will help you apply other creative ideas.
- Experiment with various furniture choices using the online room setup application. Search the internet for “interactive room design” to get started.
- You can also use this website to design virtual rooms ranging from floors and paint colors to cabinets and kitchen counters.
Prepare the tools and materials needed. Make a list of cleaning agents, paints and all necessary equipment. Find people who can help you move furniture that is heavy or easily damaged.
Realizing a Design Idea
Start with empty space. Designing a room is different from decorating a room because it affects the entire room, including permanent elements such as walls, windows and floors. Before you start working, you have to take all the items so that you can see the empty space you have to do.
- First, you need to remove furniture and all decorations (including paintings on the wall) from the room. Store all items in another room if possible so that you have the opportunity to complete the project before deciding which items to donate or sell.
- Clean the room thoroughly. Clean walls, windows, floors and other stationary elements such as lights, switches, cabinets, or wall mounts.
Start with the wall. To prevent paint or glue from staining the floor, you must finish the wall before starting to repair or replace the floor.
- You may need to remove the old wallpaper or wood trim before starting.
- Apply base paint to walls and paint on walls and wood trim.
Protect the floor. If you plan to replace carpets, vinyl, tiles or wood floors, you should do this at this stage, but protect the new floor when you begin to arrange furniture.
- Wait until the wall paint is completely dry before you work on the floor so that dust from the floor will not stick to the paint that is still wet.
- After working on the floor, make sure you vacuum or mop the floor before continuing to the next step.
Arrange furniture. Start with the largest room or furniture center. After that, you can arrange smaller furniture or decorations.
- Don’t be afraid to rearrange furniture. The size and placement of furniture may not match what you imagined for the first time.
- Make sure the seating settings allow space users to talk and / or watch TV without being obstructed.
- Try not to block the road so that the traffic in the room runs smoothly.
- Determine whether the carpet or side table and seating arrangements are needed to divide the room into certain areas.
Create lighting choices. In almost all rooms, different lighting levels are needed to create a different atmosphere or only highlight certain spaces.
- Use the light intensity regulator for main lighting and place the lights strategically.
- Choose curtains, curtains or window curtains to control natural light.
Give the final touch to the room. Small decorations and souvenirs may look secondary, but often can shape the character of the room and create a comfortable atmosphere. Plan carefully so that these elements match the theme and atmosphere of the room, making it more enjoyable for you and your guests.
- Hang pictures and other artwork on the wall to complete furniture settings.
- Place photos, souvenirs and other decorations on a shelf or on a table.
- •Use a secret drawer to store blankets, coasters and other items that are rarely used.
Store celebration decorations and decorative elements in an easily accessible place, making it easier for you to change room decorations as needed.
Newly designed rooms must create a sense of comfort for you. If not, change it.